Did you know that healthy indoor air is recognized as a basic right?
However, this is not quite the case since Indoor pollution is responsible for 2.7% of the global burden of disease worldwide.
In Europe, the WHO estimates the number of premature deaths caused by air pollution is over 500,000 (WHO Europe, 2018).
Other studies consider it an underestimation and conclude that the factual number of excess mortality is even higher (Lelieveld et al., 2019).
For instance in Europe, indoor pollution is responsible for 4.6% of deaths among children aged 0-4 years for acute respiratory infections. In addition in some countries, 20-30% of families have problems with humidity in the home, with a 50% increase in respiratory disorders and 13% of childhood asthma cases.
In other words Indoor air pollution is an important public health problem with social and economic implications. Firstly, because of the prolonged stay of the population in such environments; secondly because indoor air pollution levels are higher than outdoor levels for many classes of pollutants.
In Italy, the total annual cost of indoor air pollution is over €152-234 million.
However, the economic and social damage attributable to indoor pollution is likely to be higher than reported since indirect costs such as reduced productivity are not assessed.